Standard How does Wilde use this scene to demonstrate the absurdities of Victorian values? In this extract, Wilde uses the duplicity of Jack to highlight the hypocrisy of Victorian attitudes and, through Algernon, provides a continuous verbal mockery of the rules and expectations of the society. Straight away we are presented with conflicting ideas about marriage. On the face of it he is defending these values, but we soon learn that he is a hypocrite.
Share via Email Waves crash onto a beach. Graham Turner Dover Beach is a 'honeymoon' poem. Written inshortly after Matthew Arnold's marriage to Frances Lucy Wightman, it evokes quite literally the " sweetness and light " which Arnold famously found in the classical world, in whose image he formed his ideals of English culture.
In fact, those public values are privatised in the very word the poem conjures for us: Dover Beach fundamentally seems to be about a withdrawal into personal values. Historical pessimism moves in swiftly as a tide. Arnold's description of the noise of the waves is superbly accurate.
Even when he ventures into Miltonic and Greek mode, with that "tremulous cadence slow," he maintains a certain realism. Arnold's classical learning is unpretentiously apparent. The verse-movement, with its fluid alternation of three, four and five-beat lines, suggests the rhythmic flexibility of Greek choral poetry.
Stanza two, with its reference to Sophocles, brings home a sense of tragic fatedness. The following lines from Antigone may be relevant: For when a house hath once been shaken from heaven, there the curse fails nevermore, passing from life to life of the race; even as, when the surge is driven over the darkness of the deep by the fierce breath of Thracian sea-winds, it rolls up the black sands front the depths, and there is sullen roar from wind-vexed headlands that from the blows of the storm.
Religion "The Sea of Faith" might have once provided protection to the Christian world, but is now feared to be in recession. Though, for the ancient Greeks, Desire "sits enthroned among the mighty laws", romantic love has no supreme virtue.
Arnold, on the other hand, seems to suggest that the lovers' vow is the only value left with which to counter history. The speaker realises that, out there in the world, there is "neither joy, nor love, nor light…". The two newlyweds, standing at the window looking across the moonlit sea, have become, in a sense, the whole of love.
It's quite a jolt to contrast the modernity of this view with the poem's actual date.
Arnold was not wholly comfortable with the idea of himself as a poet. It is not so light a matter, when you have other grave claims on your powers, to submit voluntarily to the exhaustion of the best poetical production in a time like this It is only in the best poetical epochs His most anthologised poem is, formally, his most radical.
If he had written more in this vein, he would have been canonised as a great poet. Instead, until relatively recently, he was regarded as a great thinker.
Works like Culture and Anarchy have been an enormous influence on twentieth-century literary criticism. Perhaps they deserve to be revisited.
|Quick Links - Poets.org||It's true she had read Sophocles in a fairly good translation And caught that bitter allusion to the sea, But all the time he was talking she had in mind the notion of what his whiskers would feel like On the back of her neck. She told me later on That after a while she got to looking out At the lights across the channel, and really felt sad, Thinking of all the wine and enormous beds And blandishments in French and the perfumes.|
|Blog Archive||Harris AP Composition Research Paper Period 2 Matthew Arnolds melancholy in life, religion, and love In Dover Beach, Matthew Arnold discusses his religious views, the melancholy in his life, and a new love, which he experiences by an isolated individual as he confronts the turbulent historical forces and the loss of religious faith in the modern world.|
Of course, the idea of culture Arnold presents would be utterly alien to us now — but have we better replacements? Creative Britain, perhaps, instead of classical "sweetness and light"? Dover Beach The sea is calm tonight, The tide is full, the moon lies fair Upon the straits; on the French coast the light Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay.
Come to the window, sweet is the night air! Only, from the long line of spray Where the sea meets the moon-blanched land, Listen! You hear the grating roar Of pebbles which the waves draw back and fling At their return, up the high strand, Begin, and cease, and then again begin, With tremulous cadence slow, and bring The eternal note of sadness in.
Sophocles long ago Heard it on the Aegean, and it brought Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow Of human misery; we Find also in the sound a thought, Hearing it by this distant northern sea.
The Sea of Faith Was once, too, at the full, and round earth's shore Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled. But now I only hear Its melancholy, long withdrawing roar, Retreating to the breath Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear And naked shingles of the world.
Ah, love, let us be true To one another!In other words, Arnold was a man on the brink between the old world and the new, right on the edge of the modern era, and he has a really cool, visionary sense of what that means. "Dover Beach" is one of his most famous poems, although he wrote many more.
It's still included in anthologies and memorized by school kids today, almost years after it was published in Matthew Arnold Dover Beach More questions of an easier nature! The poet was looking over the English Channel from the cliffs at Dover and listening to the sad sound of the waves rushing in over the pebble beach below.
Arnold is heralded today -- along with Tennyson and Browning -- as one of the great Victorian poets although his poetry.
Dover beach vs dover bitch Hecht's parody "Dover Bitch" is a mockery of Victorian values shown in "Dover Beach", as well as those of his own period.
Hecht candidly exaggerates the speech, ideas and symbols in "Dover Beach.". Dover Beach – Paintings to accompany Matthew Arnold's poem. Dover Beach is a mid-Victorian 3-part poem of PLACE, IDENTITY and FOREBODING about European history and values which still seems relevant today.
In "The Function of Criticism" () and "The Study of Poetry" () Arnold called for a new epic poetry: a poetry that would address the moral needs of his readers, "to animate and ennoble them." Arnold's arguments, for a renewed religious faith and an adoption of classical aesthetics and morals, are particularly representative of mainstream Victorian intellectual concerns.
Hecht's parody "Dover Bitch" is a mockery of Victorian values shown in "Dover Beach", as well as those of his own period. Hecht candidly exaggerates the speech, ideas and symbols in "Dover Beach.".
The first evidence of Hecht's mockery is of speech at the beginning when he writes " There stood Matthew Arnold and his girl.. All over, etc., etc.".