The causes and common types of traumatic brain injuries

Loss of interest in favorite toys or activities When to see a doctor Always see your doctor if you or your child has received a blow to the head or body that concerns you or causes behavioral changes. Seek emergency medical care if there are any signs or symptoms of traumatic brain injury following a recent blow or other traumatic injury to the head. The terms "mild," "moderate" and "severe" are used to describe the effect of the injury on brain function.

The causes and common types of traumatic brain injuries

The causes and common types of traumatic brain injuries

Can I Prevent Brain Injuries? Brain damage is an injury that causes the destruction or deterioration of brain cells.

ApproximatelyAmericans die of stroke each year, according to the National Stroke Association. All traumatic brain injuries are head injuries. But head injury is not necessarily brain injury. There are two types of brain injury: Traumatic Brain Injury TBI is caused by an external force -- such as a blow to the head -- that causes the brain to move inside the skull or damages the skull.

This in turn damages the brain. It is most often associated with pressure on the brain.


This could come from a tumor. Or it could result from neurological illness, as in the case of a stroke. Both traumatic brain injury and acquired brain injury occur after birth. And neither is degenerative.

TBI: Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury

Sometimes, the two terms are used interchangeably. There is a kind of brain damage that results from genetics or birth trauma. It is not included, though, within the standard definition of brain damage or traumatic brain injury. Some brain injuries cause focal -- or localized -- brain damage, such as the damage caused when a bullet enters the brain.

In other words, the damage is confined to a small area. Closed head injuries frequently cause diffuse brain damage, which means damage to several areas of the brain. For example, both sides of the brain are damaged and the nerves are stretched throughout the brain.

What Causes Brain Injury?

This is called diffuse axonal injury or DAI. The severity of brain damage can vary with the type of brain injury. A mild brain injury may be temporary.

It causes headachesconfusion, memory problems, and nausea. In a moderate brain injury, symptoms can last longer and be more pronounced.

The causes and common types of traumatic brain injuries

With a severe brain injury, the person may suffer life-changing and debilitating problems. He or she will have cognitive, behavioral, and physical disabilities.Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are the most common variety of brain injuries, affecting as many as million people and claiming 52, lives annually.

The trauma in this term refers to the physical trauma of a blow to the head, but not all blows to the head produce the same level of damage.

What Is a Brain Injury?

Some common types of head injuries include the following: Closed head injury: this is an injury that does not break or fracture the skull or penetrate brain tissue. Closed head injuries can often cause bruising, swelling, or internal bleeding of the brain.

Types of Brain Injury. All brain injuries are unique. Both closed and open head injuries can produce a concussion. A concussion is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury Association of America, Causes of Brain Injury. Head injuries are injuries to the scalp, skull, or brain caused by trauma.

Concussions are the most common type of sports-related brain injury with an estimated million to million sports.

Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Traumatic brain injuries may be caused by injuries from a number of sports, including soccer, boxing, football, baseball, lacrosse, skateboarding, hockey, and other high-impact or extreme sports.

These are particularly common in youth. Brain damage is an injury that causes the destruction or deterioration of brain cells.. In the U.S., every year, about million people have some type of brain injury -- .

Types and Levels of Brain Injury - Brain Injury Alliance of Utah