Uzziah's reign was 52 years in the middle of the 8th century BCE, and Isaiah must have begun his ministry a few years before Uzziah's death, probably in the s BCE. Isaiah lived until the fourteenth year of Hezekiah's reign who died BCE. He may have been contemporary for some years with Manasseh.
While little is known of the personal life of the prophet, he is considered to be one of the greatest of them Prophet isaiah.
The book is a collection of oracles, prophecies, and reports; but the common theme is the message of salvation. There was, according to these writings, no hope in anything that was made by people.
The northern kingdom of Israel had been carried into captivity B.
The kingdom of Assyria had dominated the Fertile Crescent and posed a major threat to both kingdoms; and the kingdom of Babylon was gaining power and would replace Assyria as the dominant threat.
In view of the fast-changing international scene, the people of Israel would be concerned about their lot in life—what would become of the promises of God? How could the chosen people survive, let alone be a theocracy again? And must the remnant of the righteous also suffer with the nation that for all purposes was pagan?
To these and many other questions the book addresses itself. There would be a purging of the nation because God is holy. Before the nation could inherit the promises made to the fathers, it would have to be made holy.
So God would use the pagan nations to chasten Israel for its sins and cleanse it from iniquity. And even though the judgment of the captivity would punish sin and destroy the wicked unbelievers, the removal of iniquity would ultimately be the work of Prophet isaiah Servant of the LORD, the promised Messiah.
On the basis of such cleansing and purification, God would then establish the golden age, a time of peace and prosperity that the world has never known.
When the holy God would make the remnant holy, then He would use them to rule over the nations rather than allow the nations again to discipline them.
He prophesied in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, and also may have lived past Hezekiah into the reign of Manasseh. Assuming that he was a young man at the death of Uzziah in B.
Therefore, the prophet would have ministered for at least 60 years in an effort to bring the nation back to God. The prophet began preaching during the Assyrian crisis, about the time Assyria destroyed the northern kingdom and was threatening the southern kingdom.
The book includes this historical interlude before the second half which focuses on that captivity in Babylon.
The prophet has no idea when that captivity would come; for him it could have come right after the death of Hezekiah, and that would mean his audience might be the people to go into the exile.
And so he began to prepare them—but it would not be that generation, for the exile began about years after the death of Isaiah. But the second portion of the book looks in a general way to that future time and writes his message of comfort and hope for the exiles of Judah, as well as descriptions of the restoration to Jerusalem.
The hope of such a salvation issues into the glorious vision of the new heavens and the new earth in the age to come. So the setting of the first half of the book is Judah in the days of the Assyrians, and the setting of the second half of the book is Babylon, then Jerusalem again, and then beyond in the age to come.
In both parts the oracles often look to the distant future for their main meaning and application. The fact that each section includes vivid descriptions as well as general and poetic descriptions has fueled controversy about the unity of the book and the prophet himself.
The Assyrian Period On the one hand we have the historical background of the book during the Assyrian crisis. Here are some of the most crucial events in this period: The important comparative material can be read in ANET, p. This may have taken place in although Young in his commentary says According to 2 Kings 15, 16, there was an attempt to set up Ben Tabil on the throne when Ahaz of the Davidic dynasty did not go along with the treaty.
The accounts can be read in 2 Chronicles It was in that Samaria finally fell to Sargon II, the general under and successor to Shalmaneser the first king started the siege of Samaria and died during the time; his successor finished off the kingdom of Israel.
In Ashdod rebelled against Sargon Isa. In Hezekiah rebelled against Sennacherib Isa. Since Tirhaqah of Ethiopia was involved, the literature also includes the Ethiopian records. Of course, only the Bible tells of the destruction of the Assyrian army by the Angel of Yahweh.
So there is a major section of the book written against the backdrop of the Assyrian crisis. The Babylonian Period On the other hand we have the apparent setting of the circumstances of the Babylonian captivity, B.
Actually, the passages do not include very specific details and descriptions of Babylon or the exile in the oracles—not anything like the Assyrian background—there are not the firsthand, eye-witness accounts of life and circumstances in Babylon one would expect if the author had lived thee.While the name Isaiah in its Hebrew form—Yesha’yahu—is visible on the seal, a second word on the clay tablet is slightly damaged.
There is . An extraordinary find has been made in Israel: archaeologists announced in an article published on Thursday that they have found physical evidence corroborating the existence of the Biblical prophet Isaiah. For those of the LDS persuasion, or those making their way through the Book of Mormon, Ludlow's book is an invaluable tool for understanding those most difficult Isaiah chapters.
Isaiah explains that the Day of the Lord will last for one year (Isaiah ; Isaiah ; Isaiah ). The principle of a day for a year in prophecy also applies to the Day of the Lord .
Apr 29, · I was only nine minutes away and took a chance to see something that was so painstakingly worked on to complete. I was only there for . The New Testament writers quote or refer to Isaiah over times. Isaiah's message permeates the entire New Testament.
He has at his command a vocabulary richer than any other prophet.