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The urgent need for social and religious reform that began to manifest itself from the early decades of the 19th century arose in response to the contact with Western culture and education.
The weakness and decay of Indian society was evident to educated Indians who started to work systematically for their removal. They were no longer willing to accept the traditions, beliefs and practices of Hindu society simply because they had been observed for centuries.
The change that took place in the Indian social scenario is popularly known as the Renaissance. The central figure of this cultural awakening was Raja Rammohan Roy. He was moved by deep love for the country and worked throughout his life for the social, religious, intellectual and political regeneration of the Indians.
Rammohan Roy was born in in Radhanagar, a small village in Bengal. He was a great scholar Roy who mastered several languages including English, Latin, Greek and Hebrew.
InRammohan Roy settled in Calcutta and dedicated his life to the cause of social and religious reform. As a social reformer, Rammohan Roy fought relentlessly against social evils like sati, polygamy, child marriage, female infanticide and caste discrimination.
He organised a movement against the inhuman custom of sati and helped William Bentinck to pass a law banning the practice It was the first successful social movement against an age-old social evil.
Rammohan Roy was one of the earliest propagators of modern Western education. He looked upon it as a major instrument for the spread of modern ideas in the country. He was associated with the foundation the Hindu College in Calcutta which later came to be known as the Presidency College.
He also maintained at his own cost an English school in Calcutta. In addition, he established a Vedanta College where both Indian learning and Western social and physical science courses were offered. He sent petitions to the government to adopt a wider system of public education in English.
He also recognised the importance of vernaculars for spreading new ideas. He compiled a Bengali grammar and developed an easy and modern style of Bengali prose.
Rammohan Roy was a pioneer of Indian journalism. He himself published journals in Bengali, Persian, Hindi and English to educate the public on various current issues.
Samvad Kaumudi was the most important journal brought out by him. Rammohan Roy and Internationalism: Rammohan Roy was a firm believer in internationalism.
He held that the suffering and happiness of one nation should affect the rest of the world. He took a keen interest in international events and always supported the cause of liberty and nationalism. He celebrated the success of the revolution in Spain in by hosting a public dinner.
Rammohan Roy struggled persistently against social evils. He argued that ancient Hindu texts the Vedas and the Upanishads upheld the doctrine of monotheism.
To prove his point, he translated the Vedas and five Upanishads into Bengali. In he wrote Gift to Monotheism in Persian. Rammohan Roy was a staunch believer in the philosophy of Vedanta Upanishads and vigorously defended the Hindu religion and Hindu philosophy from the attack of the missionaries.
He only wanted to mould Hinduism into a new cast to suit the requirements of the age. In Rammohan Roy founded a new religious society known as the Atmiya Sabha which later on came to be known as the Brahmo Samaj. This religious society was based on the twin pillars of rationalism and the philosophy of the Vedas.
The Brahmo Samaj emphasised human dignity, criticised idolatry and denounced social evils like sati. Rammohan Roy represented the first glimmerings of the rise of national consciousness in India. He opposed the rigidity of the caste system because it destroyed the unity of the country.
The poet Rabindranath Tagore has rightly remarked: The establishment of the Hindu College in was a major event in the history of Bengal. It played an important role in carrying forward the reformist movement that had already emerged in the province.
A radical movement for the reform of Hindu Society, known as the Young Bengal Movement, started in the college. Derozio was born in He was of mixed parentage his father was Portuguese and his mother was Indian.Consumer is the person who hires or avails of any services for a consideration which has been paid or promised or partly paid and partly promised or under a.
Babur was not a Muslim in first place. He would long have been stoned to death if he were to live today in any Muslim country! In reality, Babur was a disgrace in name of Islam. The Aligarh movement was established on the basis of two main reasons one which included modern education and the other is good relations among the britishes one the basis of the good relations among the muslims and the britishes the conservative peoples criticized sir syed.
Click here to read the Chronology of Islam From 6th Century () C.E. to 20th Century () C.E.
World of Islam; The Spread of Islam; General Characteristics of Islam. South Asian arts, the literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka..
Despite a history of ethnic, linguistic, and political fragmentation, the people of the Indian subcontinent are unified by a common cultural and ethical outlook; a wealth of ancient textual literature in Sanskrit, Prākrit, and regional languages is a major unifying factor.
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