Administration[ edit ] As of September 2, Internationalised domains[ edit ] In March .
The origin of the word "Niue" is obscure. Formerly, the island included two endogamous, warring factions that occupied separate territories: Sometimes affectionately called "the Rock," Niue Island is one of the world's largest coral islands and smallest self-governing states.
Niue is a large coral island ten miles by seven miles 16 kilometers by 11 kilometers. Some miles kilometers southeast of Niue island, Niue has no strategic or trade significance and was not annexed by one of the European powers untillong after most other Pacific islands.
Formed by volcanic upheavals, the island sits atop foot meter cliffs rising straight out of deep ocean.
All fourteen villages are situated on a narrow terrace that encircles the Niue island. The interior consists of a central saucer-shaped plateau, one hundred fifty feet forty-five meters higher than the terrace, covered in ferns, scrub, and second-growth trees.
In the southeast quadrant, the remaining primary forest has been set aside as a conservation area protected by legislation and supernatural strictures. There is no surface water except in a few caves with small, brackish pools.
Rainwater is collected in tanks as run off from roofs. Despite fluctuation in annual rainfall, the tropical climate is conducive to agricultural production, although cultivation is difficult because of the terrain: East-southeast trade winds give way during the wet season November to March to variable winds and occasional storms.
Voices of Leaders is the first global business network for top executives and companies to meet, share, grow both locally and worldwide. A portal and resource of Niuean government information, agencies and information for Niue government websites; including information on tourism, jobs, education, legislation, pacific islands, New Zealand relationships, and more. Fowl Cay is a private island with a difference: discover six uniquely beautiful villas spread across a private acre retreat in the secluded chain of the Exumas, Bahamas. No neighboring hotels, no passing ships, no crowds – just you and the excitement of exploring a special kind of wilderness.
Hurricanes have been massive forces of social change, occurring on average once every seven years and causing considerable damage to both buildings and agriculture. There are no surrounding protective reefs or sheltered lagoons. The capital, Alofi, is on the western, lee side of the island at the only place where a wharf could be constructed.
Until very recently, the monthly cargo ship had to anchor in deep water about a mile offshore and transfer goods to a barge or lighter for transport to the wharf.
Niue has always had a small population, probably never more than five thousand, because of the strenuous work involved in crop production and the periodic famines. The demographic concern is depopulation, not overpopulation.
Spurred in large part by extremely adverse weather, outmigration on a massive scale has been a feature of life since the opening of the airport in Every five-year census since has recorded a decline in the population between 15 and 23 percent; injust over two thousand people remained on the island.
Most outmigrants are unmarried youths or adult couples with young children who intend to stay away permanently. Some fifteen thousand Niueans now live in New Zealand. The proportion of children in the population dropped from one-half in to about one-third inwhile the proportion of elderly people has increased from 6.
The Niuean language is related to other western Polynesian languages, such as Samoan and Tongan, with slight pronunciation differences between the Motu and Tafiti moieties and different spelling conventions.
Most Niueans are bilingual. Niuean tends to be the language of family and village life, and English the language of business. Considerable switching between languages occurs in almost every setting. On attempting to land in JuneCaptain James Cook and his crew were forcefully repelled by parties of fearsomely attired men uttering blood curdling screams and brandishing spears.
Hastily leaving after little actual combat, Cook called the place "Savage Island," a name that appeared on maps into the twentieth century.
Until aroundNiueans had a poorly developed concept of their island as constituting a distinct culture or nation. Between the midth and 20th centuries, Niue was gradually but increasingly exposed to the outside world, resulting in inexorable change in ways of life and Niuean identity.
External influences included mission activity, labor migration, colonization, development of a money economy based on agricultural exports and mercantile endeavors, service in foreign wars, and control by a rigid and rather unresponsive administration.
People gradually began to develop an allegiance to a broader entity than their natal villages. That process began during encounters with colonial administrators. The process was accelerated in the early s, when the general populace was able to work with and live next to a large and diverse group of white New Zealanders palagi brought to help the island recover from hurricanes.
Those workers came from a wide range of socioeconomic positions with varying aspirations and experiences. Outmigration in the s also heightened a sense of national identity, as Niueans arriving in New Zealand felt a need to distinguish themselves from other Pacific Islanders and the Maori.
Few outsiders reside on the island, but those who do are generally well tolerated, although competition for scarce jobs can lead to resentment.
Most foreigners are expatriates who provide technical advice to the government or have married Niueans.
In the early s, about one hundred people from Tonga, where pressure on land was intense, mobilized kin ties and moved to Niue.
Also present were a few dozen high school children from the Tokelaus, receiving education not available in their homeland. In the s, a handful of people from Tuvalu settled in a deserted village, escaping the threat that rising seawater posed to their homeland. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space No area can be described as urban, but nearly one-fifth of the population lives in the vicinity of Alofi, a typical Pacific port town-capital.Fiji Map.
Fiji has islands, over a hundred of them inhabited. It lies midway between Tahiti and Australia, due north of New Zealand. A Fiji vacation can include many types of islands. Orientation Identification.
The origin of the word "Niue" is obscure. Formerly, the island included two endogamous, warring factions that occupied separate territories: a northern region called Motu and a southern region called Tafiti.
Country Conditions for Mailing — New Zealand (Includes Cook Islands and Niue) Prohibitions (). Bank notes, coins, and other forms of currency are prohibited in all classes of mail, including registered First-Class Mail International items, First-Class Package International Service items, insured parcels, and Priority Mail Express International shipments, that are sent to New Zealand.
Niue Niue. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Land and people. Niue is a roughly oval, raised coral island that is about 40 miles (65 km) in circumference.
The . Links to 35 countries and regions of the South Pacific Area. 41,, population estimate for Oceania in 28,, Internet users in June, and % penetration rate, per IWS. COINS & BANKNOTES OF ISLAND NATIONS Most of these small island nations have a relatively small population, so they need fewer coins.
This results .