See Article History Alternative Titles: Although his conciliatory approach frequently made him a detached critic rather than a dynamic politician, the principles he espoused have appealed to many 20th-century political thinkers.
His father distinguished himself in the civil war in the royalist cause and died in Savile was also the nephew of Sir William Coventrywho is said to have influenced his political opinions, and of Lord Shaftesburyafterwards his most bitter opponent, and great-nephew of the Earl of Strafford.
He was educated at Shrewsbury School in while his mother was staying with a sister in Shropshire. He later travelled in Francewhere he attended a Huguenot academy in Parisstayed in Angers and Orleansin Italy and in the Netherlands and was also believed to have been educated in Geneva.
The honors were, however, only deferred for a short time and were obtained after the fall of Clarendon on 31 Decemberwhen Savile was created Baron Savile of Eland and Viscount Halifax. Halifax supported zealously the anti-French policy formulated in the Triple Alliance of January He was created a privy councillor inand, while it is believed that he was ignorant of the secret clauses in the Treaty of Doverwas chosen envoy to negotiate terms of peace with Louis XIV and the Dutch at Utrecht.
Though he signed the compact, Halifax claimed no share in the harsh terms imposed upon the Dutchand henceforth became a bitter opponent of the policy of subservience to French interests and of the Roman Catholic claims.
In he brought forward a motion for disarming "popish recusants," and supported one by Lord Carlisle for restricting the marriages in the royal family to Protestants ; but he opposed the bill introduced by Lord Danby inthat imposed a test oath on officials and members of parliament, speaking "with that quickness, learning and elegance that are inseparable from all his discourses," and ridiculing the multiplication of oaths, since "no man would ever sleep with open doors.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in November With Charles, who had at first "kicked at his appointment," he quickly became a favourite, his lively and "libertine" conversation being named by Bishop Gilbert Burnet as his chief attraction for the king.
His dislike of the Duke of York and of the crypto-Catholic tendencies of the court did not induce him to support the rash attempt of Lord Shaftesbury to substitute the illegitimate Duke of Monmouth for James in the succession.
He declared against the exclusion of James, was made an Earl inand was one of the "Triumvirate" which now directed public affairs.
He assisted in passing into law the Habeas Corpus Act. According to Sir William Temple he showed great severity in putting the laws against the Roman Catholics into force although in he voted against the execution of Lord Stafford.
Monmouth was compelled to retire to Hollandand Shaftesbury was dismissed. On the other hand, while Halifax was so far successful, James was given an opportunity of establishing a new influence at the court.
It was with great difficulty that his retirement to Scotland was at last effected; the ministers lost the confidence and support of the "country party," and Halifax, fatigued and ill, at the close of this year, retired to his family home at Rufford Abbey.
He returned in September on the occasion of the introduction of the Exclusion Bill in the Lords. The debate that followed, one of the most famous in the annals of parliament, became a duel of oratory between Halifax and his uncle Shaftesbury, the finest two speakers of the day, watched by the Lords, the Commons at the bar, and the king, who was present.
It lasted seven hours. Halifax spoke sixteen times, and at last, regardless of the menaces of the more violent supporters of the bill, who closed round him, vanquished his opponent.
The rejection of the bill by a majority of 33 was attributed by all parties entirely to the eloquence of Halifax. His conduct transformed the allegiance to him of the Whigs into bitter hostility, the Commons immediately petitioning the king to remove him from his councils for ever, while any favour which he might have regained with James was forfeited by his subsequent approval of the regency scheme.
Halifax retired to Rufford again in Januarybut was present at the Oxford parliament, and in May returned suddenly to public life and held for a year the chief control of affairs. He renewed relations with the Prince of Orange, who in July paid a visit to England to seek support against the French designs upon Luxembourg.
The influence of Halifax procured for the Dutch a formal assurance from Charles of his support; but the king informed the French ambassador that he had no intention of fulfilling his engagements, and made another secret treaty with Louis.
Being still a member of the administration, he must share responsibility for the attack now made upon the municipal franchises, especially as the new charters passed his office. In January he was one of the commissioners "who supervise all things concerning the city and have turned out those persons who are whiggishly inclined.
On 12 Februaryhe procured the release of his old antagonist, Lord Danby.
Shortly afterwards his influence at the court revived. Charles was no longer in receipt of his French pension and was beginning to tire of James and Rochester. The latter, instead of becoming lord treasurer, was, according to the epigram of Halifax which has become proverbial, "kicked upstairs," to the office of Lord President of the Council.
Halifax now worked to establish better relations between Charles and the Prince of Orange and opposed the abrogation of the recusancy laws. In a debate in the cabinet of Novemberon the question of the grant of a fresh constitution to the New England colonies, he urged with great warmth "that there could be no doubt whatever but that the same laws which are in force in England should also be established in a country inhabited by Englishmen and that an absolute government is neither so happy nor so safe as that which is tempered by laws and which sets bounds to the authority of the prince," and declared that he could not "live under a king who should have it in his power to take, whenever he thought proper, the money he has in his pocket.Sep 08, · SAVILE, Sir GEORGE, Marquis of Halifax (–), was great-grandson of Sir George Savile (d.
) of Lupset, Thornhill, and Wakefield (all in Yorkshire), who was created a baronet on 29 June , was sheriff of Yorkshire in , and . Disadvantages of bilingual education/ essay sir george savile essay on king charles ii brown vs board of education essays sri aurobindo essays on the gita pdf sample college applicationor admission essay.
George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, PC, DL, FRS (11 November – 5 April ) was an English statesman, writer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons in , and in the House of Lords after he was raised to the peerage in The Character of King Charles II.
AP English Language & Composition Exam Prompts ( to ) YEAR Question 1 (Synthesis) Question From an excerpt of Sir George Savile’s essay about King Charles II ( – ), define the attitude Savile would like us to adopt about Charles II and analyze the rhetorical strategies employed to promote that attitude.
Defend. Sep 08, · George Savile was indebted for his early education to his mother, and it is possible that he subsequently received some training either at Paris or at Geneva. that Halifax sat down with admirable philosophy to compose his sympathetic sketch of the ‘Character of King Charles II’ (not printed until ).
In appeared. The Essay and the Beginning of Modern English Prose. Bibliography. A. PARTICULAR WRITERS Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon George Savile, Marquis of Halifax The Character of King Charles II.
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