May 7, 9:
At its most basic, strategy is simply a matter of figuring out what we need to achieve, determining the best way to use the resources at our disposal to achieve it, then executing the plan. Unfortunately, in the practical world of politics and war, none of these things are easily done.
Our goals are complex, sometimes contradictory, and many-sided. They often change in the middle of a war. The resources at our disposal are not always obvious, can change during the course of a struggle, and usually need to be adapted to suit our needs.
And the enemy is often annoyingly uncooperative, refusing to fit our preconceptions of him or to stand still while we erect the apparatus for his destruction.
Let us start by analyzing one of the best known, most insightful, and least understood definitions of war ever written. Most readers have seen it before, in one form or the other. Most military professionals accept this famous aphorism—albeit sometimes reluctantly—as a given truth.
And yet, the words "policy" and "politics," as we use them in the English language, mean very different things. We must understand both relationships—between war and policy, and between war and politics.
To focus on the first without an appreciation for the second is to get a distorted notion of the fundamental character of war. War is a social phenomenon.
Its logic is not the logic of art, nor that of science or engineering, but rather the logic of social transactions. Human beings, because they are intelligent, creative, and emotional, interact with each other in ways that are fundamentally different from the ways in which the scientist interacts with chemicals, the architect or engineer with beams and girders, or the artist with paints or musical notes.
The interaction we are concerned with when we speak of war is political interaction. The addition of violence to political interaction is the only factor that defines war as a distinct form of politics—but that addition has powerful and unique effects. Thucydides, the ancient Greek historian of the disastrous Peloponnesian War, recounted an Athenian statement to that effect.
We have done nothing extraordinary, nothing contrary to human nature in accepting an empire when it was offered to us and then in refusing to give it up. Three very powerful motives prevent us from doing so—security, honor, and self-interest.
It has always been a rule that the weak should be subject to the strong; and besides, we consider that we are worthy of our power.
The resort to naked force is the only way to determine the truth. Power is just as often psychological in nature: Power provides the means to attack, but it also provides the means to resist attack.
Power in itself is therefore neither good nor evil. By its nature, however, power tends to be distributed unevenly, to an extent that varies greatly from one society to another and over time.
Because of its many forms, different kinds of power tend to be found among different groups in most societies. Power manifests itself in different ways and in different places at different times. In Tokugawa Japan, for example, "real" political power was exercised by the Shogun, formally subordinate to the emperor.The Cold War and Its Effect on The History of America - The Cold War was the ideological conflict between the two superpowers of the world, the democratic United States of America and the communist Soviet Union.
[This article was written for the Unz Review] Introduction: the world is not Hollywood. The past couple of weeks saw a number of truly tectonic events taking place simultaneously in the USA, in Russia, in Israel, in Syria, in Iran and in the EU. Political Socialization in Nigeria - This essay is aimed to examine one of the agents of political socialisation for the way in which it operates and the effects it may have in Nigeria.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and workers' self-management of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, though social rather than individual ownership is the common element shared by its.
TABLE OF CONTENTS. POLICY, POLITICS, WAR, and MILITARY STRATEGY. by Christopher Bassford • INTRODUCTION: THE STUDY OF STRATEGY.
|POKÉMON IN UKRAINE: Tactical War Game Introduction Manual||I think that it would also be reasonable to say that most of those who opposed the AngloZionist Empire have felt feelings ranging from mild disappointment to total dismay. I sure did not hear many people rejoicing, but if somebody was, they were in the minority uncharacteristically, Mikhail Khazinfor example.|
|Making sense of Russian political ambiguities | The Vineyard of the Saker||Charles Fourierinfluential early French socialist thinker Socialist models and ideas espousing common or public ownership have existed since antiquity. It has been claimed—though controversially—that there were elements of socialist thought in the politics of classical Greek philosophers Plato  and Aristotle.|
|Let no one say the past is dead. The past is all about us and within.|
|At its most basic, strategy is simply a matter of figuring out what we need to achieve, determining the best way to use the resources at our disposal to achieve it, then executing the plan.|
|You can help by adding to it. February The gold standard formed the financial basis of the international economy from to Capitalism was carried across the world by broader processes of globalization and by the beginning of the nineteenth century a series of loosely connected market systems had come together as a relatively integrated global system, in turn intensifying processes of economic and other globalization.|
Capitalism is an economic system based on the freedom of private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit. Characteristics central to capitalism include private property, capital accumulation, wage labor, voluntary exchange, a price system, and competitive markets. In a capitalist market economy, decision-making and investment are determined by every owner of wealth.