Career Opportunities Diverticulitis Diverticulosis develops when small pouches form in the walls of the large intestine or colon. Undigested food or waste gets trapped inside these small pouches which can cause them to become inflamed or infected.
Difficulty or pain while urinating Tenderness in your abdomen when wearing a belt or bending over Risk factors for developing diverticulitis Since the exact cause of diverticulitis is still poorly understood, no one really knows a lot about the possible risk factors for developing diverticulitis.
The bottom line is that all the risk factors contributing to the development of this condition do so by increasing the pressure on the wall of colon. The most common are: Aging As a person ages, the outer muscular wall of the colon thickens, causing the inside space to narrow.
The narrowing increases the pressure in the colon and makes it more likely for pouches to form.
The fact is also that the outer wall thickening also makes it more difficult for your colon to move the waste through to your rectum. The results are known — the waste stays in your colon longer, becoming harder and dryer and exerting additional pressure on weak areas when the muscles of your colon try to move it along.
This is also represents a risk factor for infection. Too little fiber Diverticulitis is rare in countries where people eat a high-fiber diet that helps keep stools soft while it is common in industrialized nations where an average diet is high in carbohydrates and low in fiber.
This means that it has a lot to do with the things we eat.
Too little fiber contributes to small, hard stools that are difficult to pass, which increases pressure in your colon. Diagnosis of diverticulitis If we talk about differential diagnosis, then we should know that it includes colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, ischemic colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome, as well as a number of urological and gynecological processes.
Lab studies Routine laboratory data are important to confirm the presence of infection and to exclude other possible etiologies of abdominal pain. A CBC count identifies leukocytosis. Urinalysis and urine cultures can be used to identify urinary tract infection.
Imaging Studies X-ray On a plain radiograph, an abdominal series may show any obstructions, ileus, or free air, indicating visceral perforation. Contrast enema This method is only useful in mild-to-moderate cases of diverticulitis when the diagnosis is in doubt.
A water-soluble contrast should be used. Ultrasonography This is a safe, helpful, noninvasive method to evaluate acute diverticulitis. A common ultrasonographic finding is the visualization of an abnormal mural thickening of more than 4 mm involving a segment of 5 cm or longer at the point of maximal tenderness.
CT scan Computerized tomography of the abdomen is considered the optimal method of investigation in patients suspected of acute diverticulitis. It may also identify patients with more complicated diverticulitis, such as those with an associated abscess. Colonoscopy is contraindicated in the acute phase of diverticulitis due to the risk of perforation.
Treatment of diverticulitis In general, the treatment can vary depending on the severity of the symptoms.The risk factors for the condition seem to be varied. Symptoms of diverticulitis Unlike diverticulosis, diverticulitis often causes symptoms that range from mild to severe.
Diverticula are uncommon before the age of 40, and increase in incidence beyond that age. While a good history is often sufficient to form a diagnosis of diverticulosis or diverticulitis, Risk factors. Advanced age; constipation;.
Find out what causes diverticulitis and the various risk factors you need to watch out for. The habit is known to contribute to inflammation that can increase one's risk of a number of health issues, and it can contribute to diverticulitis by promoting inflammation that undermines already compromised tissues, increasing the risk of abscesses, fistula, and intestinal perforation.
Diverticular Disease Risk Factors and Causes.
Age is a risk factor for diverticular disease. Over time, weaknesses can develop in the wall of the colon and increase the risk for diverticula. Other factors that can cause weaknesses and increase the risk for diverticulosis and diverticulitis include eating a low-fiber diet and heredity (genetics).
While some older studies concluded that diverticulitis was more common in women, the more recent work has noted a similar incidence in men and women.
Possible causes of diverticulitis. Aging causes changes in collagen structure that may lead to the weakening of the colonic wall.