Critique of medical model

I will be discussing the meaning of the theory of the four principles; conservation of energy, conservation of structural integrity, conservation of personal integrity, and conservation of social integrity.

Critique of medical model

Mike Austin's Swing Methodology Click here to go back to the index page.

Critique of medical model

In this review paper, I will be discussing Mike Austin's swing methodology. I have received a number of requests from website visitors asking me to write about Mike Austin's swing methodology, and I finally decided to respond to that request.

Who is Mike Austin? Mike Austin - who died at the age of 95 in November [1] - is well known to the world of long-drive competitors, because he holds the Guiness World Record for the longest drive ever recorded in competitive play. He hit a yards drive in the presence of a 35mph tail wind while competing at the age of 64 years [2].

He developed a cult following and he also acquired many disciples who still work diligently to promote, and teach, his swing secrets. The most reknown Austin-protege is probably Mike Dunaway, who also became a successful long drive competitor.

Mike Dunaway produced a golf instructional DVD regarding Mike Austin's swing methodology [3], and Mike Austin, who was in attendance during the production of the swing video lesson, offered a number of supplementary verbal comments.

Introduction: What is the DALY?

I will be primarily reviewing Mike Dunaway's DVD in this review paper - in my usual scholarly manner - and I will personally dissect Mike Dunaway's teaching approach so that readers can hopefully benefit from my biased golf instructional opinions. My descriptive approach is significantly influenced by TGM-concepts that I have learnt from Homer Kelley's TGM book [5], and biomechanical concepts that I have learnt from my medical school training.

Mike Austin's swing methodology - as presented by Mike Dunaway, and as re-interpreted by the author I am going to describe Mike Critique of medical model swing in the order that Mike Dunaway presented his description in his DVD [3].

The amount of detail that I will provide will be affected Critique of medical model the importance of the specific swing feature to the efficiency of Mike Austin's swing, and I will not spend much time discussing minor swing elements. In the DVD, Mike Dunaway is the golfer-model, while the elderly, stroke-incapacitated Mike Austin sat in a director's chair, and watched the demonstration.

Mike Austin intermittently made verbal comments to supplement Mike Dunaway's visual demonstrations and verbal descriptions.

Grip Mike Dunaway starts off by describing Mike Austin's grip. Mike Austin had a neutral grip with no unusual features and I do not need to make additional comments.

Address position Mike Dunaway describes how Mike Austin adopted his address posture and distance from the ball. Mike Austin started off by holding the left arm and the clubshaft in a straight line relationship in the air opposite, and in front of, the left shoulder and he then let the weight of the club establish the power accumulator 3 angle angle between the clubshaft and the left arm.

Mike then stood with his legs straight, and bent from the hips, thereby lowering the club until the clubhead reached the ground - that established the distance of his club from his body.

He then relaxed the knees slightly to acquire his address posture where his knees, thighs, pelvis and shoulders are all parallel to the ball-target line.

Because the right hand is lower on the grip than the left hand, he had to develop a method of acquiring rightwards spinal tilt, which lowers the right shoulder socket. Mike Austin's method was to kick-in the right knee slightly, which slightly lowers the right pelvis.

This helps to create rightwards spinal tilt. Mike Dunaway at address - capture image from his DVD [3] Note that Mike Dunaway has kicked-in his right knee, which causes the pelvis to have a small degree of tilt due to lowering of the right pelvis. That allows him to more easily acquire a small degree of rightwards spinal tilt and it also allows him to get his head behind the ball.

Note that his pelvis has shifted slightly leftwards during this maneuver. Note that Mike Dunaway has only a small amount of knee flex, and that he stands fairly erect.

Note that his hands and clubshaft are relatively centralised between his legs TGM adjusted address position which causes his left wrist to become slightly bent.

Introduction. Because most undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate courses relatively uncritically present the DSM as an objective scientific document, this . medical model within this paper, but to refer to it in relates to the social model. The primary focus of analysis is the manner in which the social model shifts away from. A Critique of Technocentrism in Thinking About the School of the Future. By Seymour Papert A version of this piece was published as "M.I.T. Media Lab Epistemology and Learning Memo No. .

Takeaway and backswing action Mike Austin recommended a forward press to start the takeaway. Mike Dunaway demonstrating a forward press - capture image from his DVD [3] When performing a forward press, a golfer pushes forward on the grip end of the club while keeping the clubhead stationary.

This maneuver flattens the left wrist and increasingly dorsiflexes the right wrist. This maneuver may also help a golfer start the takeaway action more smoothly.

JSTOR: Access Check

I regard the forward press as an optional golf swing element, and I do not think that it should be deemed to be a mandatory action - because during the standard takeaway the left wrist becomes naturally flattened as the right wrist increasingly dorsiflexes thereby establishing the correct alignment of the left arm flying wedge.

During the forward press, Mike Dunaway also presses forward simultaneously with the right knee against the resistance of the braced left leg.

After performing the forward press, Mike Austin started the takeaway by moving the left arm back while allowing the left upper arm to internally rotate in the left shoulder socket. This allows the club to swivel so that he can get the clubshaft onto the inclined plane by the mid-backswing.

When taking the left arm back, Mike Austin kept the left arm somewhat connected to the rotating upper torso, and this caused his clubshaft to move slightly inside by the end of the takeaway.

You can see how Mike Austin's clubhead path moves slightly inside during his backswing in this swing video - http: Note that as he continues to rotate his shoulders during the backswing, that his left arm becomes slightly higher than the shoulder turn angle which is relatively horizontal by the end of his backswing image 3.

One can see the same inside-takeaway phenomenon in the following sequence of Mike Austin photos. Mike Austin backswing and downswing sequence - capture images from a swing video There is nothing unusual about having a slightly inside takeaway, which causes the hands to get slightly deeper away from the ball-target line during the mid-backswing image 4.

If the hands get too deep, it is possible to get "stuck" later in the mid-backswing when the hands cannot move further away from the ball-target line, and this situation forces a golfer to then lift the arms in the late backswing which can subsequently predispose to an OTT move.medical model within this paper, but to refer to it in relates to the social model.

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See your patient as a person, not a disease. This is the essential message of an experienced and compassionate physician who questions the prevailing medical model of patient care - that every illness has a physical cause that 5/5(1).

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A Critique of Technocentrism in Thinking About the School of the Future. By Seymour Papert A version of this piece was published as "M.I.T. Media Lab Epistemology and Learning Memo No. .

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