Background[ edit ] From untilEritrea had fought a long war of independence against Ethiopia.
His town Engal lies along the arid frontier between Ethiopia and Eritrea, whose exact border has been a subject of debate for over a century and the cause of a deadly war between the two nations which ended last week.
A breakneck speed peace process between the former foes over the past six weeks hinges on Ethiopia's vow to finally abide by a United Nations ruling on the frontier, which states that Engal is in fact Eritrean. This means Haisie's minority ethnic Irob community, spread across the region, could be rent in two, with some ending up in Eritrea while others remain in Ethiopia.
I don't think peace will come. They have warned transferring land in the rugged Irob region to Eritrea would also force visitors to Ethiopia's Irob areas to pass through Eritrea. In the past years, Eritrea has passed through the hands of the Ottomans, Egyptians, Italians, British and Ethiopians which annexed it in after a brief period of autonomy.
The tiny Red Sea nation -- which comprised Ethiopia's entire coastline -- went on to fight a bloody independence war before successfully leaving after a referendum. The resulting border was never properly defined leading to a dispute that sparked clashes and escalated into all-out war that claimed 80, lives between and the signature of a peace deal in The region is one of the few centres of Ethiopian Catholicism, introduced in the 19th century by Italian saint Justin de Jacobis.
It is dotted with Catholic and Orthodox churches perched on cliffs and hills. Ethiopia's rejection of a UN ruling on the demarcation of the border threw Addis Ababa's relations with Asmara into deadlock, prompting Eritrea to seal its borders. The stalemate appeared destined to continue indefinitely until Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took office in April, announcing an aggressive reform agenda -- and stunning observers by agreeing to respect the boundary ruling.
But in the Irob district, accessed by a narrow dirt track dotted with military checkpoints, residents protested Abiy's announcement. Irob people guard their rights jealously and fear the return of the Eritreans who abused them during the occupation, according to district administrator Niguse Hagos.
No land appears to have changed hands yet and an AFP correspondent saw Ethiopian tanks deployed to the area with their barrels facing Eritrea.
Some Irob people hope that peace between the neighbours could improve their situation. The nearby Eritrean market town of Senafe would become accessible, potentially stimulating trade in the impoverished region. During his visit to Addis Ababa last week, Isaias hugged and joked with Abiy -- but did not mention the issue.
The bond between the two men could make the exact demarcation of the new border irrelevant, according to Mammo Muchie, a professor at Tshwane University of Technology in South Africa. The relationship is most important," he said.Border war with Ethiopia () After independence, the sovereignty over many areas along the 1,kilometer border between Eritrea and Ethiopia was never officially determined.
This had led to occasional skirmishes between the two armies in . Two border points between Ethiopia and Eritrea were officially re-opened Tuesday, 20 years after a territory dispute in led to their closures.
Jul 20, · The resulting border was never properly defined leading to a dispute that sparked clashes and escalated into all-out war that claimed 80, lives between and the signature of . Incidents and disputes along the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia are not a new phenomenon and they were never about the boundary.
Like all colonial divides the boundary between Eritrea and Ethiopia is, at points, an arbitrary line that separated people who once lived together; people related by blood and intermarriage for whom . “Eritrea and Ethiopia have essentially been in a Cold War since the last war in ,” says Ahmed Salim of political risk consultancy Teneo Intelligence.
An Eritrean soldier looks through a spyhole on the frontline in Badme, Eritrea, March 2, , during a border war with Ethiopia. the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia On April 13th the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague published the conclusions of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission.
The court concluded that a large part of the Western border sector will be awarded to Eritrea (near the Yirga Triangle).