The Berlin blockade was one of the first major diplomatic crises of the cold war.
In March the Allied powers decided to unite their different occupation zones of Germany into a single economic unit. In protest, the Soviet representative withdrew from the Allied Control Council. Coincident with the introduction of a new deutsche mark in West Berlin as throughout West Germanywhich the Soviets regarded as a violation of agreements with the Allies, the Soviet occupation forces in eastern Germany began a blockade of all rail, road, and water communications between Berlin and the West.
On June 24 the Soviets announced that the four-power administration of Berlin had ceased and that the Allies no longer had any rights there. On June 26 the United States and Britain began to supply the city with food and other vital supplies by air.
By mid-July the Soviet army of occupation in East Germany had increased to 40 divisions, against 8 in the Allied sectors.
By the end of July three groups of U.
Tension remained high, but war did not break out. The end to the blockade was brought about because of countermeasures imposed by the Allies on East German communications and, above all, because of the Western embargo placed on all strategic exports from the Eastern bloc.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Airlift Berlin Blockade Essay The Berlin blockade was a diplomatic crisis and military operation during the cold war precipitated by the Soviet Union’s blockade of the city of Berlin from June 18, , to May 12, , and the subsequent relief effort launched by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France to provide provisions for the western half of the city.
For over a century Kaiser Wilhelm II has been viewed as either a madman ora warmonger who brought his country to destruction by provoking the First WorldWar. The following text is the introductory article to “my” anthology Dissecting the Holocaust.
I wrote the original German version of this paper in the summer of for the German edition of this book (Grundlagen zur Zeitgeschichte).The text was updated and slightly enhanced for the first English edition in , and again for the second English edition in , from which the following text. Soon after the formation of the Soviet Union, emigration restrictions were put in place to keep citizens from leaving the various countries of the Soviet Socialist Republics, though some defections still occurred.
During and after World War II, similar restrictions were put in place in non-Soviet countries of the Eastern Bloc, which consisted of the Communist states of Eastern Europe. Berlin Blockade(24 June – 12 May )-The aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food, fuel, and.
Baxley Books ~~ Bibliography ~~ Books Pertaining to Commodore Perry's Expedition to Japan and Okinawa and Books Relating to 19th Century Japan and Okinawa.