This was an open letter written by Martin Luther King from a Birmingham jail in Alabama, where he had been imprisoned for participating in the arrangement and organization of a peaceful protest. The letter was written in reaction to a declaration by a number of white Alabama clergymen who were of the view that though social prejudices and wrongs existed in society, the fight against the prejudices, wrongs and racial segregation should not be fought in the streets. The white clergymen were of the view that this should be taken to courts. Luther uses his experiences, knowledge and perspective to illustrate the troubles of the Black community.
Background[ edit ] The Birmingham campaign began on April 3,with coordinated marches and sit-ins against racism and racial segregation in Birmingham, Alabama.
On April 10, Circuit Judge W. Jenkins issued a blanket injunction against "parading, demonstrating, boycotting, trespassing and picketing. As a minister, King responded to these criticisms on religious grounds. As an activist challenging an entrenched social system, he argued on legal, political, and historical grounds.
As an orator, he used many persuasive techniques to reach the hearts and minds of his audience.
King began the letter by responding to the criticism that he and his fellow activists were "outsiders" causing trouble in the streets of Birmingham. To this, King referred to his responsibility as the leader of the SCLC, which had numerous affiliated organizations throughout the South. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny.
Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly… Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere within its bounds. To this, King confirmed that he and his fellow demonstrators were indeed using nonviolent direct action in order to create "constructive" tension.
Citing previous failed negotiations, King wrote that the black community was left with "no alternative. In response, King said that recent decisions by the SCLC to delay its efforts for tactical reasons showed they were behaving responsibly.
For example, "A law is unjust if it is inflicted on a minority that, as a result of being denied the right to vote, had no part in enacting or devising the law. Alabama has used "all sorts of devious methods" to deny its black citizens their right to vote and thus preserve its unjust laws and broader system of white supremacy.
It gives the segregator a false sense of superiority and the segregated a false sense of inferiority. King addressed the accusation that the Civil Rights Movement was "extreme", first disputing the label but then accepting it. Compared to other movements at the time, King finds himself as a moderate.
However, in his devotion to his cause, King refers to himself as an extremist. Jesus and other great reformers were extremists: Will we be extremists for hate or for love?
Lukewarm acceptance is much more bewildering than outright rejection. Recent public displays of nonviolence by the police were in stark contrast to their typical treatment of black people, and, as public relations, helped "to preserve the evil system of segregation.
One day the South will recognize its real heroes. Retrieved October 12, Ryan Choi Professor Gallardo English November 19 MLK Junior’s Birmingham Analysis Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor and a civil rights leader widely known for the positive contribution to the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
Prior to the letter he wrote called, “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, he was arrested for a non-violent protest during the Birmingham campaign for.
Letter from Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay Words Feb 26th, 4 Pages “Letter From Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King Jr.
wrote the “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” after an unjust proposal made by eight white clergymen. Essay on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from a Birmingham Jail.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Letter from a Birmingham Jail gave the people an insight into the mind and his unwillingness to give up on his dream for better life and respect for ‘Negroes’.
- Rhetorical Analysis of “Letter From a Birmingham Jail” In the "Letter from a Birmingham Jail", Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
responds to an article by eight clergymen, in which he explains the racial injustice in Birmingham, and reasons why King's organization is protesting for Civil Rights. Letter From Birmingham Jail study guide contains a biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
An Analysis of Letter from a Birmingham Jail Essay - Letter from a Birmingham Jail was written by Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. in April of , as he sat, as the title states, in a Birmingham, Alabama jail.